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Location Oman, Al Batinah
Central coordinates 56o 45.00' East  24o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 500 ha
Altitude 100 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Large agricultural fields irrigated by rotary gantries on the Batinah coast.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Large numbers of birds are attracted to the water, greenery and spilt grain during migration and winter; at least 149 species occur. Other notable species wintering or dispersing after the breeding season include Melanocorypha bimaculata (200, February), Calandrella brachydactyla (500, January) and Emberiza striolata (60, December). Notable species on passage or during the post-breeding season include Falco amurensis (133, April–May), Pterocles exustus (1,000, August), Coracias benghalensis (500, November), Merops superciliosus (400, August) and Anthus campestris (100, November).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1993  66 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1993  3 individuals  good  B2  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 100%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Simon Albrecht; summary bird data supplied by Oman Bird Records Committee (per Jens Eriksen).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sun Farms, Sohar. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife