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Location Lebanon, Beqaa
Central coordinates 35o 47.10' East  33o 43.89' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B1iv
Area 280 ha
Altitude 860 - 870m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Society for the Protection of Nature and Natural Resources in Lebanon

Summary It is the largest natural freshwater wetland in West Bekaa- Lebanon, and covers an area of 280 ha holding 256 species of birds and mammals. The marsh includes open water seasonally flooded grazing meadows. It is an important stop for 2 globally threatened spring migrants Corncrake and Great Snipe. Over 20,000 soaring birds pass over the marsh in both spring and autumn. Also, over 45 species of bird associated with wetlands use the site, of which at least 15 breed in it.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1997  555 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1997  18,392 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1974-1975  7,500-15,000 individuals  poor  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2007 high very unfavourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Ciconia ciconia White Stork 8980 8980 individuals 100 favourable
Circus macrourus Pallid Harrier 2 1 individuals 50 unfavourable
Crex crex Corncrake 9 2 individuals 23 very unfavourable
Gallinago media Great Snipe 27 28 individuals 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ammiq Wetland Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 280 is identical to site 280  
Shouf UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 52,260 protected area contains site 280  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Permanent freshwater marshes & pools; Permanent rivers, streams & creeks; Seasonal & intermittent freshwater marshes & pools  major
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Pasture land  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor
Notes: Grazing in dry season
hunting major
tourism/recreation major
nature conservation and research major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aammiq wetland. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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