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Location Lebanon, North Lebanon
Central coordinates 35o 59.50' East  34o 18.60' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 140 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 1,530m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Society for the Protection of Nature and Natural Resources in Lebanon

Summary Situated between 1200-2000 m of elevation on the upper northwestern slopes of Mount Lebanon, covers an area of 140 ha, and holds 148 species of birds. It is the most balanced Mediterranean forest ecosystem in Lebanon, and is a migration stop for a number of threatened bird species. The site contains the country’s last protected community of over 40% of the plant species in Lebanon.

Site description A forest of cedars Cedrus libani, firs Abies and oak Quercus, in a rocky, mountainous area at c.1,500 m; usually covered in snow during December-April. The main land-use is hunting, but the site is also important for shepherds and loggers, and is visited by tourists and for recreation.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Gyps fulvus and Alectoris chukar.

Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: there are many endemic plants.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  1975  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2007 not assessed not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Horsh Ehden Reserve 0 protected area contains site 140  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Temperate  major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting major
rangeland/pastureland minor
forestry minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Assad Serhal.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife