|Location||Lebanon, North Lebanon|
|Central coordinates||35o 59.50' East 34o 18.60' North|
|Altitude||1,500 - 1,530m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Summary Situated between 1200-2000 m of elevation on the upper northwestern slopes of Mount Lebanon, covers an area of 140 ha, and holds 148 species of birds. It is the most balanced Mediterranean forest ecosystem in Lebanon, and is a migration stop for a number of threatened bird species. The site contains the country’s last protected community of over 40% of the plant species in Lebanon.
Site description A forest of cedars Cedrus libani, firs Abies and oak Quercus, in a rocky, mountainous area at c.1,500 m; usually covered in snow during December-April. The main land-use is hunting, but the site is also important for shepherds and loggers, and is visited by tourists and for recreation.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Gyps fulvus and Alectoris chukar.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: there are many endemic plants.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus||breeding||1975||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|2007||not assessed||not assessed||high|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive||The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Horsh Ehden||Reserve||0||protected area contains site||140|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Assad Serhal.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2015
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