|Location||Lebanon, North Lebanon|
|Central coordinates||35o 59.50' East 34o 18.60' North|
|Altitude||1,500 - 1,530m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Ornithological information See box for key species. Other breeding species include Gyps fulvus and Alectoris chukar.
Site description A forest of cedars Cedrus libani, firs Abies and oak Quercus, in a rocky, mountainous area at c.1,500 m; usually covered in snow during December-April. The main land-use is hunting, but the site is also important for shepherds and loggers, and is visited by tourists and for recreation.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus||breeding||1975||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Horsh Ehden||Nature Reserve||1,775||protected area contains site||140|
|Horsh Ehden||Reserve||0||is identical to site||140|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Flora: there are many endemic plants.
Management considerations Although declared a Forest Reserve on 9 March 1992 (Law 121), protective measures are not enforced. Illegal bird hunting, and associated excessive disturbance and deliberate persecution of birds, is a critical problem. There is no forest management plan, and logging occurs locally. Air pollution is widespread. Potential threats, at least locally, include overgrazing (sheep and goats), fire and built development.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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