|Location||Kuwait, Al Kuwayt|
|Central coordinates||47o 42.40' East 29o 21.22' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B1iv, B2|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The only significant area of non-marine wetland in the country, man-made by effluent (sewage plus a variety of pollutants) coming from Al-Jahra town and flowing across sandy sabkhah to the sea, forming stagnant, open, shallow pools and extensive beds of Phragmites. There are scattered halophytes on the sabkhah, and some old plantations of Tamarix in poor condition. The site has great value as a potential field study centre for all educational levels up to university research, and if properly zoned could also provide for recreation. Part of the site is a designated camping area.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A wet and green area attracting a very wide variety of migrants and winterers, and providing an important refuge from hunting: 220 species have been recorded. An important raptor migration bottleneck, with a maximum daily passage total of 410 (17 species), and estimated spring/autumn totals of 2,000–3,000, including Buteo buteo (85, September), Aquila clanga (10, March and October), Aquila nipalensis (343, March and October) and Circus aeruginosus (5, September and October).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1993||28 individuals||good||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||passage||1993||14 individuals||good||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1993||2,000-3,000 individuals||poor||B1iv|
|2013||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jahra pool||Nature Reserve||250||is identical to site||250|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||55%|
|Artificial - aquatic||20%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
|Notes: Wildlife conservation/research|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/02/2016
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