email a friend
printable version
Location Kuwait, Al Kuwayt
Central coordinates 47o 42.40' East  29o 21.22' North
IBA criteria A1, B1iv, B2
Area 250 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Kuwait Environment Protection Society (Affiliate)

Site description The only significant area of non-marine wetland in the country, man-made by effluent (sewage plus a variety of pollutants) coming from Al-Jahra town and flowing across sandy sabkhah to the sea, forming stagnant, open, shallow pools and extensive beds of Phragmites. There are scattered halophytes on the sabkhah, and some old plantations of Tamarix in poor condition. The site has great value as a potential field study centre for all educational levels up to university research, and if properly zoned could also provide for recreation. Part of the site is a designated camping area.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A wet and green area attracting a very wide variety of migrants and winterers, and providing an important refuge from hunting: 220 species have been recorded. An important raptor migration bottleneck, with a maximum daily passage total of 410 (17 species), and estimated spring/autumn totals of 2,000–3,000, including Buteo buteo (85, September), Aquila clanga (10, March and October), Aquila nipalensis (343, March and October) and Circus aeruginosus (5, September and October).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1993  28 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1993  14 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1993  2,000-3,000 individuals  poor  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed not assessed

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Jahra pool Nature Reserve 250 is identical to site 250  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   55%
Desert   25%
Artificial - aquatic   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
Notes: Wildlife conservation/research
tourism/recreation major
Notes: Recreation
hunting minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife