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Location Kuwait, Al Kuwayt
Central coordinates 47o 51.00' East  29o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B3
Area 4,845 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Kuwait Environment Protection Society (Affiliate)

Site description A shallow, relatively well-sheltered bay, part of the larger Kuwait Bay system, with extensive intertidal mudflats (c.2,250 ha); reportedly the most productive shore in Kuwait, and an economically valuable shrimp nursery. Traditional fishing by fixed traps ('hadra') and recreational fishing occur; the hadra (on the intertidal flats) appear to be in poor repair, and may have been abandoned because of Iraqi mine-laying in the area.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The site is important for coastal waterfowl during winter and on passage, especially Ardea cinerea (90, January) and Recurvirostra avosetta (95, January). It is fairly well watched by local standards, and at least 70 bird species have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: Invertebrates: the crab Cleistostoma kuwaitense (endemic).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola winter  1988-1990  112-320 individuals  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  1988-1990  212-360 individuals  medium  B1i  Near Threatened 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei winter  1988-1990  950-1,500 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed not assessed

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline Intertidal marshes; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Shallow marine waters; Subtidal aquatic beds  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation major
Notes: Recreation
urban/industrial/transport minor
Notes: Urban/industrial/utility
fisheries/aquaculture major
hunting minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sulaibikhat Bay. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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