email a friend
printable version
Location Kuwait, Al Jahrah
Central coordinates 47o 47.00' East  29o 23.00' North
IBA criteria B3
Area 1,660 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Kuwait Environment Protection Society (Affiliate)

Site description A shallow, relatively well-sheltered bay, part of the larger Kuwait Bay system, with extensive intertidal mudflats (c.890 ha). The site is important for economically valuable shrimp nurseries, and supports both recreational and traditional fishing with fixed traps (hadra). A close season operates for shrimp catching.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for coastal waterfowl during winter and on passage, including Ardea cinerea (62, January) and Recurvirostra avosetta (70, January). Mixed-species flocks of several thousand waterfowl occur during migration seasons but accurate counts of species and individuals have not been made. At least 66 species have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: Invertebrates: the crab Cleistostoma kuwaitense (endemic).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola winter  1988  33-280 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed not assessed

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Intertidal marshes; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Shallow marine waters; Subtidal aquatic beds  100%
Marine Neritic (Nearshore Shelf)   -
Marine Intertidal   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: Fisheries/aquaculture
tourism/recreation major
Notes: Recreation

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dawhat Kazima. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife