|Location||Kuwait, Al Jahrah|
|Central coordinates||47o 47.00' East 29o 23.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A shallow, relatively well-sheltered bay, part of the larger Kuwait Bay system, with extensive intertidal mudflats (c.890 ha). The site is important for economically valuable shrimp nurseries, and supports both recreational and traditional fishing with fixed traps (hadra). A close season operates for shrimp catching.
Key Biodiversity The site is important for coastal waterfowl during winter and on passage, including Ardea cinerea (62, January) and Recurvirostra avosetta (70, January). Mixed-species flocks of several thousand waterfowl occur during migration seasons but accurate counts of species and individuals have not been made. At least 66 species have been recorded.
Non-bird biodiversity: Invertebrates: the crab Cleistostoma kuwaitense (endemic).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Crab-plover Dromas ardeola||winter||1988||33-280 individuals||good||B3||Least Concern|
|2013||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Intertidal marshes; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Shallow marine waters; Subtidal aquatic beds||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dawhat Kazima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014
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