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Location Kuwait, Al Jahrah
Central coordinates 47o 47.00' East  29o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 116m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Kuwait Environment Protection Society (Affiliate)

Site description A rocky escarpment rising steeply to 116 m from the coastal mudflats and associated saltmarshes and sand-dunes on Kuwait Bay. A gravel plain extends northwards from the escarpment ridge and gives rise to the extensive wadi system of Ar-Rimam. Most of the park is sandy desert, with much gravel in northern areas. Dunes of the coastal zone are dominated by Zygophyllum, higher areas of sand by Rhanterium and Cyperus, whilst on the gravel plains Stipa grass is dominant. In spring, the playas are covered in Gynandriris irises. Soil fertility is very low and the site has no agricultural value; the site was much used during winter and spring for prolonged recreational camping activities before the recent conflict.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1993  28 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1993  14 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed not assessed

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Jal Az-Zor National Park 25,000 is identical to site 25,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Hot  95%
Rocky areas   5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
Notes: Wildlife conservation/research
tourism/recreation major
Notes: Recreation

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jal Az-Zor. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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