|Location||Kuwait, Al Jahrah|
|Central coordinates||47o 47.00' East 29o 33.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2|
|Altitude||0 - 116m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A rocky escarpment rising steeply to 116 m from the coastal mudflats and associated saltmarshes and sand-dunes on Kuwait Bay. A gravel plain extends northwards from the escarpment ridge and gives rise to the extensive wadi system of Ar-Rimam. Most of the park is sandy desert, with much gravel in northern areas. Dunes of the coastal zone are dominated by Zygophyllum, higher areas of sand by Rhanterium and Cyperus, whilst on the gravel plains Stipa grass is dominant. In spring, the playas are covered in Gynandriris irises. Soil fertility is very low and the site has no agricultural value; the site was much used during winter and spring for prolonged recreational camping activities before the recent conflict.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1993||28 individuals||good||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||passage||1993||14 individuals||good||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|2013||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jal Az-Zor||National Park||25,000||is identical to site||25,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
|Notes: Wildlife conservation/research|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Prof. C. W. T. Pilcher.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jal Az-Zor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/03/2015
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