|Central coordinates||35o 4.54' East 29o 25.30' North|
|IBA criteria||A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 1,592m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Site description Jordan's only coastline: Aqaba is a port town at the head of the very deep Gulf of Aqaba (2,000+ m) of the Red Sea. The coastal plain is very limited, and alluvial fans spread from the inland mountains to the shore, which is composed mainly of rock and sand/gravel beaches, fringed in part with coral reefs. Most habitats in the area have been substantially altered by man; freshwater springs along the coast support irrigated market gardens and native palm groves (near the beach), and some natural scrub vegetation survives near the Israeli border. There is some undisturbed desert to the south of the area. A very important area economically for Jordan, with port, industries, and tourism; fisheries are secondary in importance.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B2||Near Threatened|
|Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes||passage||1995-2000||3,000 individuals||poor||B2||Least Concern|
|Hume's Owl Strix butleri||resident||1993||rare [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Pale Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus||winter||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B2||Least Concern|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1993||-||poor||A4iv, B1iv|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||10%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity The reefs have a relatively high diversity of corals and support a moderately diverse reef-fish community, including the Red Sea endemic Paracheilinus octotaenia.
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.
References UNEP/IUCN (1988).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aqaba coast and mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2013
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