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Location Jordan, Aqaba
Central coordinates 35o 8.55' East  29o 59.90' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 17,200 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature

Site description An extensive 'wilderness' area of desert sand-dunes, gravel outwash plains and mudflats, c.160 km long by up to 25 km wide (widest between Jabal Fidan and Umm Muthla). There is some open bushland of Acacia tortilis, A. raddiana and Ziziphus; Tamarix and Phragmites occur locally in the lowest areas. Main land-use is nomadic pastoralism, with a minor but increasing amount of irrigated cultivation. Large areas are military zones.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Eremalauda dunni breeds in large numbers after good rains. Neophron percnopterus, Gyps fulvus, Onychognathus tristramii and Carpodacus synoicus breed in the hills bordering the wadi, adjoining this site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Felis margarita (rare), Caracal caracal (rare) and Gazella dorcas (V). Reptiles: Varanus griseus (rare).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus winter  1986  30 individuals  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos winter  1985  rare  B2  Endangered 
Chlamydotis undulata resident  1982  4 individuals  poor  B2  Not Recognised 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed low

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Not assessed  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Savanna   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor
military major
tourism/recreation minor
hunting -

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ali Sutari (per Adnan Budieri).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wadi Araba. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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