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Location Turkey, Gaziantep,Hatay,Kahramanmaras,Osmaniye
Central coordinates 36o 17.00' East  36o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Area 362,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,262m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)



Site description A high mountain ridge that forms the boundary between Mediterranean Turkey and the Syrian plateau. Wet areas at low altitude are clothed with dense deciduous forest; Pinus forest dominates the lower serpentine slopes. Extensive Quercus scrub occurs on the drier landward slopes, with dry grasslands and Cedrus at higher elevations. Human use of the area is limited to sheep-grazing and forestry. This area was treated in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989) as Belen Geçidi (Belen pass) (former site TR059).

Key Biodiversity The majority of birds passing through site 005 (Bosphorus) during autumn and spring cross the Nur mountains, along with Turkish breeders. The only comprehensive autumn count was undertaken at the Belen pass over five weeks in 1976; few spring records are available. 6,203 Pelecanus onocrotalus, 3,303 Ciconia nigra, 82,887 C. ciconia and 26,756 raptors (mainly Pernis apivorus, Accipiter brevipes and Aquila pomarina) were counted. 9,950 Ciconia ciconia were counted over the Belen Pass on one day in spring 1992.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  2,086-3,303 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  20,000-82,887 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  6,203 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2000  3,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Halcyon smyrnensis breeding  3 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli breeding  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala breeding  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Krueper's Nuthatch Sitta krueperi breeding  abundant  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea breeding  rare  A3  Near Threatened 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  29,203-82,887 individuals  A4iv, B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2012 high not assessed low
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hatay Iskendurun Arsuz YHGS Wildlife Development Area 26,077 protected area contained by site 26,077  
Osmaniye Zorkun Yaylasi YHGS Wildlife Development Area 3,869 protected area contained by site 3,869  
Tekkoz Kengerliduz TKA Nature Protect Area 172 protected area contained by site 172  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  75%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 50%
not utilised 50%
agriculture -

Protection status National Partial International NoneSouthern part of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Nur Daðlarý, 120,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amanos Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife