email a friend
printable version
Location Jordan, Ma'an,Tafilah
Central coordinates 35o 26.74' East  30o 40.86' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 31,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature



Site description A scenically beautiful, major wadi flowing from the rugged Sharrah mountains at 1,200 m down to the Rift Valley floor at sea-level. Bare, rounded mountains and sandstone cliffs occur at the head of the wadi, giving way to metamorphic rock at the base of the escarpment, where the wadi opens out onto a gravelly outwash plain with mobile sand-dunes (60-70% within the reserve). At higher elevations, there is evergreen Quercus woodland on steeper slopes, mixed with Pinus halepensis, Pistacia and scattered Juniperus and Cupressus, and extensive areas of herbs and scrub; steppe-like Artemisia dominates on gentler slopes and also with Anabasis at lower elevations. Along the wadi there is a considerable amount of lush vegetation and trees, including Phragmites, Nerium and Pistacia. There is no cultivation apart from traditional orchards at Dana village. Outside the reserve there is a local irrigation project at Qurayqira on the Rift Valley floor. The main land-uses are wildlife conservation, research and tourism. There are at least several Roman antiquity sites (soon to be excavated), including copper mines at Finan.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A very diverse assemblage of breeding birds of unusually mixed biogeographical origins. Other breeding species include Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Hieraaetus fasciatus, Falco pelegrinoides, Otus scops, Eremalauda dunni, Lullula arborea, Oenanthe lugens, Sylvia hortensis (probably), Nectarinia osea, Corvus rhipidurus and Petronia petronia. Emberiza caesia is a scarce passage migrant. There is a huge spring migration of raptors, which may total up to 250,000 birds per season, but it has not been investigated in depth; species include Buteo buteo (700, April) and Aquila nipalensis (35, April).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Meles meles (rare), Panthera pardus (rare; last unconfirmed report 1987), c.200 Capra nubiana (I) and Gazella gazella (V); other likely species are Felis margarita (rare) and Caracal caracal (rare). Flora: there is a grove of 15 ancient Cupressus sempervirens trees, unique in Jordan.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1995  100-500 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1995  5 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Near Threatened 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1995  24-28 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus non-breeding  1985  1 individuals  poor  B2  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  6-12 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus non-breeding  1995  1-3 individuals  medium  B2  Endangered 
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos non-breeding  1981-1993  1 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor breeding  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus resident  1995  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus resident  1995  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus resident  1995  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Owl Strix butleri resident  1995  10-20 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1995  common  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1995  common  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dunn's Lark Eremalauda dunni resident  1995  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  1995  200-400 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1995  1-10 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps resident  1995  100-500 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii resident  1995  50-500 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha resident  1995  5-20 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti resident  1995  common  A3  Least Concern 
Blackstart Cercomela melanura resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus non-breeding  1995  10-100 individuals  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1995  1-10 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus resident  1995  800 breeding pairs  good  A1, A2, A3, B2  Vulnerable 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus resident  1995  500-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
House Bunting Emberiza striolata resident  1995  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1994-1995  6,866-8,637 individuals  medium  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed medium
unset
Unknown

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Not assessed  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dana Nature Reserve 29,200 protected area contained by site 29,200  
Dana UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 29,200 protected area contained by site 29,200  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Forest   minor
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Rocky areas   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
Notes: Wildlife conservation/research
tourism/recreation major
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.

References Biewers (1993).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife