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Location Jordan, Ajlun,Jarash
Central coordinates 35o 47.75' East  32o 15.35' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 4,700 ha
Altitude 550 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature

Site description The best remaining area of mature, natural Pinus halepensis forest in the country, on limestone slopes of the highest hill range in northern Jordan, between 550 and 1,000 m. Understorey of Arbutus and evergreen Quercus. Parts of the forest remain remote from habitation, although there are some pockets of agriculture. The surrounding area has oaks and olive groves as well. There is a much-used recreational area in the centre of the site, with parking spaces, barbecue sites, restaurant and playgrounds.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A representative bird assemblage of Mediterranean pine woodland, a rare and diminishing habitat in Jordan. Other breeding species include Dendrocopos syriacus, Phylloscopus bonelli and Parus caeruleus (the only known breeding site in Jordan for the latter two species), and other species observed during the breeding season in suitable habitat include Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter nisus, Falco subbuteo and Nectarinia osea. Lullula arborea winters in small numbers. Large numbers of migrating raptors have been reported in spring, but no details are known.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Sciurus anomalus (relict population). Flora: rare/endemic plants include Verbascum transjordanicum, Orchis collina, Biarum eximum and Globularia arabica; in addition, Cupressus sempervirens, Tulipa agensis and Cyclamen persicum are experiencing cutting or collecting pressure.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed low

Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Not assessed  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dibeen Forest Reserve 850 protected area contained by site 850  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   10%
Forest   80%
Shrubland   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
Notes: Agric/cultiv
tourism/recreation 90%
Notes: Recreation
forestry 80%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dibbin Forest. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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