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Location Jordan, Ajlun,Jarash
Central coordinates 35o 47.75' East  32o 15.35' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 4,700 ha
Altitude 550 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature



Site description The best remaining area of mature, natural Pinus halepensis forest in the country, on limestone slopes of the highest hill range in northern Jordan, between 550 and 1,000 m. Understorey of Arbutus and evergreen Quercus. Parts of the forest remain remote from habitation, although there are some pockets of agriculture. The surrounding area has oaks and olive groves as well. There is a much-used recreational area in the centre of the site, with parking spaces, barbecue sites, restaurant and playgrounds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dibeen Forest Reserve Forest and Rangeland Reserve 850 protected area contained by site 850  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   10%
Forest   80%
Shrubland   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
Notes: Agric/cultiv
tourism/recreation 90%
Notes: Recreation
forestry 80%

Other biodiversity Mammals: Sciurus anomalus (relict population). Flora: rare/endemic plants include Verbascum transjordanicum, Orchis collina, Biarum eximum and Globularia arabica; in addition, Cupressus sempervirens, Tulipa agensis and Cyclamen persicum are experiencing cutting or collecting pressure.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dibbin Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014

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