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Location Jordan, Mafraq
Central coordinates 37o 50.59' East  32o 38.45' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3
Area 74,800 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature



Site description Desert landscape of flint/chert plains (hammada) in the east, flattish to gently rolling country covered in black basalt boulders (harrat) in the west, interspersed with siltflats and many shallow wadis. Plant cover is generally sparse, mainly limited to the shallow wadis and dominated by woody perennial herbs such as Artemisia, Anabasis and Achillea. There are no trees or large bushes. Within the reserve there is a near-permanent, spring-fed freshwater pool (200 ha) at Ghadir Burqu which is a major source of water for the livestock of bedouin living in a wide surrounding area. The main land-use is nomadic pastoralism and cultivation is very limited. An ancient Nabataean/Roman castle, Qasr Burqu, lies at the edge of the harrat.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus winter  1993  rare  B2  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug winter  1993  uncommon  B2  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1993  present  B2  Vulnerable 
Chlamydotis undulata winter  1993  present  B2  Not Recognised 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  1993  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Lark Rhamphocoris clotbey resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti breeding  1993  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1993  uncommon  B3  Least Concern 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   100%
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
Notes: Rangeland
water management minor
Notes: Water supply
hunting minor
military minor

Other biodiversity Mammals: Canis lupus (V), and possibly Caracal caracal (rare) and Gazella subgutturosa (rare).

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Ian J. Andrews.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Burqu'. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

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