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Location Israel
Central coordinates 35o 19.00' East  30o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 15,000 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel



Site description The area along the Rift Valley south of the Dead Sea from the Ne'ot Hakikar Nature Reserve (10 km south of Sedom, 645 ha) south to the Hazeva and Shezaf Nature Reserve (34 km south of Sedom, 1,400 ha). A flat desert area with saltflats (in the north) and low hills, dissected by wide wadis. Vegetation comprises scattered open woodland of Acacia raddiana and A. tortilis in the wadis, and scrub of Tamarix, Prosopis, Atriplex halimus, Suaeda monoecia and Alhagi maurorum. There is a little agriculture.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1991  present  B3  Least Concern 
Garganey Spatula querquedula passage  1991  2,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1991  350-1,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1991  12,000-18,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  1991  143 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris winter  1991  1 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1991  1 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes passage  1991  15,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos non-breeding  1991  present  B2  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1991  2,600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus passage  1991  300 individuals  good  B1i  Not Recognised 
Hume's Owl Strix butleri resident  1991  1-2 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1991  20-40 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps resident  1991  200 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii resident  1991  present  B3  Least Concern 
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha resident  1991  2-15 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus breeding  1991  15-35 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  29,950-36,600 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Rocky areas   minor
Shrubland   minor
Savanna   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
rangeland/pastureland major
tourism/recreation minor
nature conservation and research 14%

Other biodiversity Mammals: Pipistrellus bodenheimeri (rare endemic), Canis lupus (V), Felis margarita (rare), Caracal caracal (rare), Panthera pardus (rare), Gazella gazella (V) and G. dorcas (V). Reptiles: Varanus griseus (rare) and Uromastyx aegyptius (rare). Flora: Isatis microcarpa, Convolvulus fatmensis and Hippocrepis constricta.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.

References Afik (1984), Bahat and Leshem (1991), Frumkin and Man (1984).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Arava valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife