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Location Israel
Central coordinates 35o 20.00' East  32o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 50 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel



Site description A valley system stretching north-west from Bet She'an in eastern Israel across most of the width of the country to Kiryat Tiv'on. The area is largely agricultural (orchards, wheat, legumes, cotton), with many fish-ponds and reservoirs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus resident  1991  present [units unknown]  B2  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata passage  1991  8,000-12,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata winter  1991  3,000-5,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris resident  1991  4 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca resident  1991  9 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  1991  20 individuals  good  B2  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1991  500-600 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  1991  250 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1991  2,000-3,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra winter  1991  150-600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1991  120,000-150,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus winter  1991  400 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  1991  250-400 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax resident  1991  450-550 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax winter  1991  2,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis resident  1991  400-500 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea passage  1991  800-1,000 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea winter  1991  1,000-1,200 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Great Egret Casmerodius albus passage  1991  250-300 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great Egret Casmerodius albus winter  1991  500-600 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta breeding  1991  350-500 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta winter  1991  2,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  1991  35,000-40,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus winter  1991  1,000-1,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus resident  1991  1-50 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1991  1,600-1,750 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1991  20 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes passage  1991  15,000-28,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga winter  1992  19 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1991  1-15 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1991  2-5 individuals  good  B2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina passage  1991  35,000-70,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1991  9 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus passage  1991  50,000-75,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1991  1,000-1,250 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1991  1,700 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  1991  3-8 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B2  Critically Endangered 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus winter  1991  3,000-4,000 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni passage  1991  200-300 individuals  good  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus resident  1991  20-45 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus winter  1991  250-300 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1991  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  good  A4iv, B1iv   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   70%
Shrubland   10%
Artificial - aquatic   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
Notes: Agric/cultiv/Rangeland: Primarily cultivation
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: Fisheries/aquaculture
forestry minor
Notes: Forestry
hunting minor
Notes: Hunting
nature conservation and research minor
Notes: Wildlife conservation/research
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: Tourism
urban/industrial/transport minor
Notes: Urban/industrial/utility
water management minor
Notes: Water supply

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.

References Allon et al. (1992), Levy and Yom-Tov (1991), Tsovel and Allon (1991).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife