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Location Israel
Central coordinates 35o 20.00' East  32o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 50 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel



Site description A valley system stretching north-west from Bet She'an in eastern Israel across most of the width of the country to Kiryat Tiv'on. The area is largely agricultural (orchards, wheat, legumes, cotton), with many fish-ponds and reservoirs.

Key Biodiversity An important area for waterbirds throughout the year; see boxes for key species. The fields of the Jezre'el valley supported a wintering population of up to 1,700 Grus grus during the 1980s, though this had dropped to 500 by 1991/92. Other wintering species include Circus aeruginosus (65), Aquila clanga (19) and Larus ichthyaetus (150).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus resident  1991  present  B2  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata passage  1991  8,000-12,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1991  3,000-5,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris resident  1991  4 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca resident  1991  9 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  1991  20 individuals  good  B2  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1991  500-600 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  1991  250 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1991  2,000-3,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra winter  1991  150-600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1991  120,000-150,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus winter  1991  400 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia passage  1991  250-400 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis resident  1991  400-500 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1991  350-500 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Egretta garzetta winter  1991  2,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax resident  1991  450-550 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax winter  1991  2,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea passage  1991  800-1,000 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea winter  1991  1,000-1,200 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba passage  1991  250-300 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1991  500-600 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  1991  35,000-40,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus winter  1991  1,000-1,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus resident  1991  1-50 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1991  1,600-1,750 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1991  20 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes passage  1991  15,000-28,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  1992  19 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1991  1-15 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1991  2-5 individuals  good  B2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina passage  1991  35,000-70,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1991  9 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus passage  1991  50,000-75,000 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1991  1,000-1,250 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1991  1,700 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  1991  3-8 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B2  Critically Endangered 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus winter  1991  3,000-4,000 individuals  unknown  B1i  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni passage  1991  200-300 individuals  good  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus resident  1991  20-45 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus winter  1991  250-300 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1991  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  100,000-499,999 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   70%
Shrubland   10%
Artificial - aquatic   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
Notes: Agric/cultiv/Rangeland: Primarily cultivation
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: Fisheries/aquaculture
forestry minor
Notes: Forestry
hunting minor
Notes: Hunting
nature conservation and research minor
Notes: Wildlife conservation/research
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: Tourism
urban/industrial/transport minor
Notes: Urban/industrial/utility
water management minor
Notes: Water supply

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.

References Allon et al. (1992), Levy and Yom-Tov (1991), Tsovel and Allon (1991).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife