email a friend
printable version
Location Israel
Central coordinates 35o 6.00' East  32o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Area 5,000 ha
Altitude 110 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel

Site description An area of the coastal plain north of Haifa, largely developed or agricultural, with fish-ponds and some other small wetlands including the marsh at Ein Afeq (66 ha) c.8 km south of Akko.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Ein Afeq is an important winter roosting site for Phalacrocorax pygmeus and holds some breeding herons and egrets. Mishmar Hayam (12 ha), just south of Akko, is a small site with a grove of trees important for many breeding herons and egrets and the largest colony of Plegadis falcinellus in Israel. Up to 65 Circus aeruginosus and 22 Aquila clanga have been present in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reptiles: Chalcides guentheri. Flora: Salsola soda.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1991  5,500 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1991  80-150 individuals  good  A1, B1i, B2  Endangered 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1991  350-500 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra winter  1991  125-150 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1991  18,500 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  1991  1,500-2,000 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis resident  1991  280-325 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1991  275-300 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1991  650-850 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta breeding  1991  250-275 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  1991  37,000 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1991  92 individuals  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  1992  22 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta passage  1991  200-300 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  1991  21 individuals  good  A1, B2  Critically Endangered 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus winter  1991  1,434 individuals  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni passage  1991  50-350 individuals  good  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Larus cachinnans winter  1991  3,500-5,000 individuals  good  B1i  Not Recognised 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  55,500 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

1994 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
En Afeq Nature Reserve 66 protected area contained by site 66  
En Afeq Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 66 protected area contained by site 66  
Zevulun Valley Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 6  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Artificial - aquatic   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport major
agriculture major
fisheries/aquaculture minor
nature conservation and research 1%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by R. Frumkin.

References Blitzblau (1990b, 1991).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zevulun valley. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife