|Central coordinates||35o 45.00' East 33o 0.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iv, B1iv|
|Altitude||550 - 1,500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description An upland region east of the Hula Valley and Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), ascending to 1,500 m and roughly bounded by Hamat-Gader, Ramat Magshimim, Alonei Habashan, Kuneitra, El Rom and Kazrin. The area is typified by rolling grassland with scattered trees and bushes of Quercus, Styrax, Pistacia, Rubus and Ziziphus, and there are some small pools and reservoirs. Much of the area is cultivated or grazed by cattle, and there is considerable military activity.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The region holds good numbers of breeding raptors, with the plateau area around Nahal Gamla, Zavitan and Yehudiya being especially important. Ducks often winter in good numbers, mainly Anas penelope, Aythya ferina and A. fuligula. Stream valleys flowing from the southern Golan into Lake Kinneret were the last refuge of Ketupa zeylonensis in this area, now apparently extinct.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Spalax ehrenbergi (2n=54), Canis lupus (V), Gazella gazella (V). Reptiles: Elaphe quatuorlineata (endemic). Flora: Phlomis syriaca, Colchicum brachyllum.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||resident||1991||2-5 breeding pairs||good||A4i||Vulnerable|
|White Stork Ciconia ciconia||passage||1991||20,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Crane Grus grus||winter||1991||2,000-3,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius||winter||1991||5-10 individuals||good||A1, A4i||Critically Endangered|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1991||20,000 individuals||good||A4iv, B1iv|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||war, civil unrest and military exercises||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Artificial - aquatic||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||27%|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.
References Bahat (1986), Geller (1983), Schluter (1987).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Golan Heights. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2015
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