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Location Syria, Quneitra
Central coordinates 35o 45.00' East  33o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B3
Area 10,400 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 2,200m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)



Site description From the area of Majdal Shams, north to the Lebanese border. Much of the area is under Israeli military control, but a road to a ski resort allows easy access to 2,000 m and the rocky summit lies at 2,814 m. Woodland from 800 m to the treeline at 1,800-1,900 m is dominated by Quercus calliprinos, Q. cerris, Colutea cilicica and Spartium juneum, above this by a scrubland of Phlomis chrysophylla, Prunus ursina, Astragalus hermoneus, Acantholimon libanoticus and Onobrychis species. There are orchards on the lower slopes.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Lullula arborea, Eremophila alpestris, Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica, Sylvia hortensis, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer and Emberiza caesia.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Sciurus anomalus (rare), Apodemus hermonensis (endemic). Reptiles: Cyrtodactylus amictopholis (endemic), Elaphe hohenackeri, Vipera bornmuelleri (I; endemic). Flora: Alcea dissecta.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  1991  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1991  present  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  1991  1-4 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1991  10-30 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  1991  50-70 breeding pairs  good  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  1991  15-20 breeding pairs  good  B3  Not Recognised 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2014 high unfavourable low
Habitat
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   10%
Forest   30%
Grassland   30%
Shrubland Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation  20%
Rocky areas   10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
Notes: Agric/cultiv
tourism/recreation major
Notes: Tourism/Recreation
military major
nature conservation and research 67%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Hoter and Ezov (1991), Zuaretz (1983).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Hermon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

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