|Location||Iran, Islamic Republic of, Hormozgan|
|Central coordinates||56o 48.00' East 27o 8.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A 55 km stretch of coast along the Straits of Hormoz, c.10-70 km east of Bandar Abbas, incorporating three river deltas. The site includes extensive intertidal mudflats (over 1 km wide), significant stands of mangrove at the river mouths and along adjacent creeks, long sand beaches, low sandbars and sand spits, and two large shallow bays, Khor Tiab and Khor Kolahy, near the mouth of the Rud-i Minab in the east. The rivers flow only after erratic rainfall in the interior, usually in winter. The waters of the Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab are fresh, but the Rud-i-Shur is somewhat brackish. Mangrove Avicennia marina occurs at the river mouths, and fringes the tidal creeks. The adjacent arid plain supports a sparse woodland of Acacia, Prosopis, Ziziphus and Tamarix with large areas of bare, sandy flats. Land ownership is public. There are a few small settlements, generally with date gardens. Fishing is important.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An extremely important wintering area for shorebirds and gulls, notably Haematopus ostralegus, Limosa lapponica, Numenius arquata and Larus cachinnans/L. argentatus. The site may also be important for breeding herons and egrets including Ardea goliath and Ardeola grayii. The adjacent plains and woodland have a typical Baluchi avifauna with several Indo-Malayan species at or near their western limit, notably Gyps bengalensis, Francolinus pondicerianus, Athene brama, Dendrocopos assimilis and Acridotheres tristis. Common winter visitors include Phylloscopus inornatus humei.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Goliath Heron Ardea goliath||winter||1977||1 individuals||good||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Great White Egret Ardea alba||winter||1987-1992||250 individuals||good||B1i||Least Concern|
|Haematopus ostralegus||winter||1970-1977||3,500 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Not Recognised|
|Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica||winter||1970-1977||5,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata||winter||1970-1977||1,500 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Near Threatened|
|Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans||winter||1987-1992||3,000 individuals||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis||resident||1977||2 individuals||poor||B3||Least Concern|
|Small Whitethroat Sylvia minula||winter||1977||10 individuals||poor||B3||Least Concern|
|1994||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||industrial & military effluents - oil spills||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Deltas of Rud-e-Shur, Rud-e-Shirin and Rud-e-Minab||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||45,000||protected area contained by site||45,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
References Carp (1980), Ramsar Convention Bureau (1993), Scott (1975b, 1976a,c), Summers et al. (1987).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/04/2015
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