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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Hormozgan
Central coordinates 56o 28.00' East  27o 3.00' North
IBA criteria B3
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 235m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description The island, c.7 km offshore in the Straits of Hormoz, is roughly circular and c.7 km across. Most of the shore is sand beach, but there are some rocky shores and low cliffs, and a small tidal creek system with saltmarsh vegetation just east of the main harbour. Inland are sandy plains with little vegetation other than a few scattered thorn trees, and bare volcanic hills rising to 235 m. There is one substantial fishing village and a few small settlements with small patches of irrigated cultivation and date gardens.

Key Biodiversity See boxes for key species. No proper surveys have been carried out. The island is probably an important staging and/or wintering area for shorebirds, gulls and terns, and figures are given below for a brief survey in May 1974.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris resident  1977  1 breeding pairs  good  B3  Near Threatened 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii passage  1977  510 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi breeding  1977  present  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Sea   minor
Coastline   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
fisheries/aquaculture major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Gallagher et al. (1984), Scott (1975b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hormoz island. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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