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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Bushehr
Central coordinates 51o 18.00' East  28o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 53,705 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Lying on the Persian Gulf coast 100 km south-south-east of Bushire, the site comprises the Monde Protected Area which encompasses the lower reaches and delta of the Monde river, the adjacent sandy plains and low rocky hills, and a large creek system and extensive area of well-vegetated coastal dunes to the south. In its lower reaches, the river meanders across a broad sandy plain with steppic vegetation and has created a number of long, thin oxbow lakes with some marsh vegetation and Tamarix scrub. Other habitats include wide sandy beaches, intertidal mudflats with sand spits and low sandy islets, small areas of irrigated wheat cultivation, and low rocky hills almost unvegetated except in gullies. Wetland covers c.26,870 ha. The region is very sparsely populated and little disturbed. The land is publicly owned.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important wintering area for Phalacrocorax carbo, Phoenicopterus ruber, Grus grus (112), shorebirds, gulls and terns. Pterocles alchata breeds. Winter visitors include Tadorna tadorna, Buteo rufinus, Pandion haliaetus and Falco peregrinus. Uncommon passage migrants include Bubulcus ibis and Buteo buteo.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Gazella subgutturosa (rare).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1970-1977  3,600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Chlamydotis undulata winter  1975  40 individuals  good  A1  Not Recognised 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus winter  1977-1992  250-1,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mond Protected Area 53,705 protected area contained by site 46,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Desert   major
Coastline   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Shrubland   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
nature conservation and research 100%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1975b, 1980).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Monde Protected Area. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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