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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Bushehr
Central coordinates 50o 50.00' East  29o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 41,642 ha
Altitude 0 - 7m
Year of IBA assessment 1994





Site description The site comprises the Hilleh Protected Area, 35 km north-west of Bushire, established to protect the only major freshwater wetland on the south coast of Iran east of Khuzestan- a complex of permanent freshwater lagoons with extensive sedge marshes on seasonally flooded plains near the mouth of the Hilleh (Helleh, Halileh) Rud. The site also includes a large area of the adjacent sparsely vegetated desert plains and extensive intertidal mudflats. Overall there are c.35,600 ha of wetland. Land ownership is public.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta winter  1977-1992  3,750-12,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  1975  21-37 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1977-1992  950-7,859 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  1977-1992  26-750 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  1977-1992  400-1,388 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1977-1992  350-1,915 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1977-1992  2,300-8,070 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  1977-1992  1,260-8,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1974  15-20 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  1977  1,000 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1988  173 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Endangered 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia winter  1970-1977  278 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea winter  1970-1977  582 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1970-1977  351 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1970-1977  3,060 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1970-1977  300 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  1970-1977  250 individuals  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans winter  1987-1992  2,500 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1977  40 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1977  20,000 individuals  poor  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Heleh Protected Area 41,642 protected area contains site 41,642  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   16%
Coastline   84%
Sea   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1975b, 1976a,c, 1978a, 1980).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hilleh Protected Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife