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Location Turkey, Aksaray,Ankara,Kirsehir
Central coordinates 33o 42.00' East  38o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 68,880 ha
Altitude 851 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A large reservoir (max. depth 70 m) on the Kýzýlýrmak river, north-east of Tuz lake (site 072). Up to 7,000 ha of mudflats appear during periods of low water-levels. The area is surrounded by arable land. The dam provides hydroelectric power and serves flood-control purposes.

Key Biodiversity The site is very important for wintering waterbirds, with counts of up to 134,000 birds recorded in recent years. Terns (Sterninae) breed in small numbers on the islands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea passage  850-2,070 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  596-3,560 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  9,915-13,430 individuals  B1i  Vulnerable 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  2,170-14,550 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  25-122 individuals  A1, B1i  Endangered 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  21,207-68,350 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  23,435-133,809 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 medium favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hirfanli Baraji UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
water management -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hirfanlı Reservoir. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife