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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Fars
Central coordinates 52o 47.00' East  30o 34.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 4,700 ha
Altitude 2,300 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A freshwater lake of at least 500 ha lying at c.2,300 m on the north slope of the southern Zagros, c.105 km north-north-east of Shiraz. Situated in a region of rolling Artemisia steppe and wheat cultivation, the lake and marsh are generally frozen all winter and can dry out completely in summer. The dominant vegetation in the eastern part is Butomus umbellatus and Sparganium, and in the western part mainly grassy plants.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A very important staging area for Phoenicopterus ruber, geese, ducks and Grus grus, and occasionally (if not frozen) also a very important wintering area. In spring and autumn the lake can hold as many as 120,000 migratory waterfowl (including P. ruber and G. grus). Other passage migrants include Pelecanus onocrotalus, Anser anser and Tadorna ferruginea.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta winter  1970-1977  15,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  1977-1992  7,500-8,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1977-1992  2,000-30,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1970-1977  6,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus passage  1977  12,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1987-1992  2,928 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1970-1992  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Grassland   major
Wetlands (inland)   11%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
rangeland/pastureland -

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1976a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kaftar lake. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife