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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Khuzestan
Central coordinates 47o 55.00' East  31o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 15 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A complex of permanent and seasonal, freshwater to brackish marshes and seasonally flooded arable land on the flood-plain of the Karkheh river, 60-90 km west-north-west of Ahwaz near the Iraqi border. The site comprises the north-east extremity of the vast Hoor Al Azim (Haur Hawizeh) marshes, the bulk of which lies in Iraq. The adjacent semi-desertic plains have sparse steppic vegetation.

Key Biodiversity See boxes for key species. An important wintering area for geese, surface-feeding ducks and shorebirds, notably Anser anser, Anas strepera and Himantopus himantopus.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1987-1992  1,995 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1987-1992  1,755 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  1973  60 individuals  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Himantopus himantopus winter  1970-1977  140 individuals  good  B1i  Not Recognised 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa passage  1977  250 individuals  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1987-1992  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   major
Desert   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
rangeland/pastureland minor
military -

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1976a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Susangerd marshes. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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