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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Khuzestan
Central coordinates 48o 20.00' East  31o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 15 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Semi-desertic steppe and irrigated arable land subject to winter flooding on the plain of the Karkheh river c.30 km west-north-west of Ahwaz. The site includes Hamidieh lake, an oxbow lake of c.3 ha with extensive Phragmites and Typha.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The flood-plain wetlands are an important wintering area for herons and egrets, Anser anser, Tadorna tadorna, surface-feeding ducks, Himantopus himantopus and Recurvirostra avosetta. Marmaronetta angustirostris breeds at Hamidieh lake, and small numbers have been recorded on the flood-plain wetlands in winter. Small numbers of Grus grus winter (100). Turdoides altirostris is resident in the reeds; Hypocolius ampelinus is a fairly common summer visitor to the scrub around the lake, and Passer moabiticus is probably resident. Other notable breeding species are Pterocles alchata, Ceryle rudis, Acrocephalus stentoreus and Rhodopechys obsoleta.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1987-1992  9,700 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  1987-1992  1,320 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1987-1992  6,440 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1987-1992  3,835 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1987-1992  4,900 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1977  15-20 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Himantopus himantopus winter  1987-1992  650 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1987-1992  290 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus breeding  1977  2 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris resident  1977  4 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus resident  1977  1 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1987-1992  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1976a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife