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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Kermanshah
Central coordinates 46o 55.00' East  34o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2
Area 10,050 ha
Altitude 1,500 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description The site lies at c.1,500 m in a broad intermontane basin in the north-west Zagros Mountains, c.20-30 km north-west of Kermanshah, and comprises a small area of permanent freshwater pools and marshes fed by a group of large springs (Hashelan Marsh, 400 ha) and the adjacent flat cultivated plains (c.10,000 ha) which extend to the region of Doh Tappeh c.10 km to the south. The site is bordered to north, east and west by mountains, and is contiguous with the densely populated plains around Kermanshah. The principal area for bustards comprises c.5,000 ha of wheat cultivation, fallow land and rough pasture between the Ab-e-Razavar and Ghara-Su rivers. There are several small villages in the area, and high-tension power lines cross the southern edge. The pools have abundant submerged and floating vegetation, and the marshes are dominated by sedges and rushes. Land ownership is public.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Hashelan Marsh supports small breeding populations of Ardea purpurea and Aythya nyroca, and is of some importance for wintering waterfowl (notably A. nyroca). Ciconia ciconia is a common summer visitor. Otis tarda was a summer visitor in the 1970s; 5-10 females were thought to nest.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca resident  1977  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  1970-1977  130 individuals  good  A1, B1i, B2  Near Threatened 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis resident  1977  20 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  1977  5-10 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   96%
Wetlands (inland)   4%
Grassland   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Fotoohi and Mansoori (1974), Fotoohi and Scott (1975), Kahrom (1975), Scott (1971a, 1976a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hashelan marsh and Doh Tappeh plains. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife