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Location Turkey, Ankara,Eskisehir
Central coordinates 31o 7.00' East  39o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1iii, B2
Area 212,500 ha
Altitude 900 - 1,574m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description The IBA lies at the easternmost extremity of the 130 km long Sündiken mountain range, which lies on an east-west axis between the Sakarya and Porsuk plains. Extensive forests of Pinus nigra are interspersed with Quercus/Juniperus scrub, a few scattered villages and areas of open grassland. The steeper northern slopes face Sarýyar reservoir (site 045); the gently sloping south-facing valleys meet the semi-arid, intensively cultivated Central Anatolian plateau.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for breeding raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus breeding  10-15 breeding pairs  A1, B1iii, B2  Near Threatened 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  4-6 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus breeding  4-5 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2-3 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium not assessed low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Eskisehir Mihallicik Catacik YHGS Wildlife Development Area 26,654 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  90%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 50%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sündiken Mountains. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife