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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Razavi Khorasan
Central coordinates 60o 55.00' East  34o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 900 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994





Site description Plains around the villages of Ghoomi and Sarhad near the Afghanistan border north-east of Tayebad. The site is cultivated land (mainly cereals) and fallow land adjacent to sparsely vegetated semi-arid steppic plains and rolling hills. Land ownership is public. Livestock are grazed.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A very important wintering area for Otis tarda in the 1970s, with birds present from November or December to February. Only small flocks (maximum 26) were observed by Department of the Environment personnel, but local farmers reported concentrations of 500 to 1,000 in mid-winter. Pterocles orientalis is a common resident, and P. alchata occurs (probably as a winter visitor). Cursorius cursor probably breeds on the adjacent semi-desertic plains.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Bustard Otis tarda winter  1977  26-1,000 individuals  good  A1, B2  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
rangeland/pastureland major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Eftekhar (1973b), Kahrom (1976), Mansoori and Fotoohi (1974), Scott (1980).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tayebad plains at Ghoomi and Sarhad. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

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