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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, North Khorasan
Central coordinates 58o 10.00' East  37o 45.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 17,800 ha
Altitude 1,800 - 2,987m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A portion of the Kopet Dagh Mountains on the Turkmenistan border in northern Khorasan, 40 km north-north-east of Shirvan, extending from the rolling plains and semi-arid foothills in the south to the international boundary running along the crest of the mountains. The climate is extreme continental, with hot dry summers and very cold winters. Principal habitats include rolling plains with Artemisia steppe and some dry wheat cultivation (1,800-1,950 m), mixed deciduous scrub with herbaceous ground cover and a scattering of Juniperus (c.2,000 m), mature Juniperus forest with a mixture of other shrubs on steep limestone mountain-sides (1,800-2,500 m) and mountain summits and high ridges with good montane steppe (2,400-2,987 m). Snow patches linger until at least the end of June. The many springs and streams support small patches of lush grassland. The Juniperus forests are among the finest in Iran, with some exceptionally large trees.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The breeding birds include species characteristic of the montane steppes, Juniperus forests and high mountain ranges of north-east Iran. This is one of the few areas where Mycerobas carnipes is known in Iran, and the only locality where Emberiza stewarti has been recorded (found in song in 1973, and may breed). Other notable species include Melanocorypha bimaculata, Sylvia hortensis, Montifringilla nivalis and Emberiza buchanani. At least 87 species have been recorded in the reserve.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Ursus arctos (rare), Caracal caracal (rare), Panthera pardus (rare), Capra hircus aegagrus (rare) and Ovis ammon (rare).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1977  2 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sarany Protected Area 15,895 protected area contained by site 15,895  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Forest   minor
Grassland   major
Shrubland   minor
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
agriculture minor
rangeland/pastureland -

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1972e).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sarani. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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