|Location||Iran, Islamic Republic of, Mazandaran|
|Central coordinates||51o 30.00' East 36o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 4,540m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The central Alborz (Elburz) region extends from the forested foothills near the Caspian Sea east of Chalus to the summits north of Tehran (4,540 m), some of the highest peaks in the Alborz range. The site is bounded in the west by the main Karadj to Chalus road across the Alborz. It includes the full spectrum of habitat types on the northern slope of the Alborz, including the various types of Caspian forest from sea-level to the treeline, cleared areas on the lower slopes with grassland, cultivated plots and hedgerow communities, stands of Cupressus forest in rain-shadow areas at mid-elevations, Juniperus forest and alpine meadows on the upper slopes, spectacular cliffs and crags at high elevation, and alpine tundra and permanent snow fields on the mountain tops. The region is rather densely populated, especially at lower elevations in the north, with numerous small villages and many roads. Land ownership is public.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The reserve supports a very good variety of high Alborz species, including a large population of Tetraogallus caspius, and probably the full complement of Caspian forest species, including high densities of Phasianus colchicus. The region is rich in birds of prey (see box). Other notable species are Phoenicurus erythronotus, Phylloscopus trochiloides nitidus, Ficedula semitorquata, F. parva, Tichodroma muraria, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Montifringilla nivalis, Serinus pusillus, Emberiza leucocephalos and E. buchanani. At least 174 species have been recorded in the reserve.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Ursus arctos (rare), Lynx lynx (rare), Panthera pardus (rare), Capra hircus aegagrus (rare) and Ovis ammon (rare).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius||resident||1977||15 breeding pairs||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1977||common||-||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||breeding||1977||1 breeding pairs||good||B2||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina||breeding||1977||uncommon||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus||resident||1977||1 breeding pairs||good||B2||Near Threatened|
|Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus||resident||1977||7 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||breeding||1977||2 breeding pairs||good||B2||Endangered|
|European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus||breeding||1977||1 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Alborz-e-Markazy||Protected Area||410,790||is identical to site||410,790|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
References Firouz et al. (1970), Scott (1976b), Scott and Howell (1976).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2016
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