|Location||Iran, Islamic Republic of, Gilan|
|Central coordinates||50o 10.00' East 37o 18.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The lake lies on the coastal plain of the Caspian Sea, c.12 km north of Langarud, fed by springs and local run-off; at high water levels, it drains north through a small stream into the Caspian. It is a rather deep, permanent, freshwater lake with rich growth of floating and submergent vegetation, extensive beds of Typha and Phragmites and some Salix thickets. The open areas of the lake support abundant submerged and floating vegetation including Nelumbium, Lemna, Potamogeton, Hydrilla, Myriophyllum and Ceratophyllum. Surrounding areas are largely cultivated with rice. The lake is important for duck hunting and provides water for irrigation. Land ownership is public.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. A very important wintering area for diving ducks, notably Netta rufina, and for Fulica atra and Phalacrocorax pygmeus. Up to 20 Circus aeruginosus are present in winter. Rallus aquaticus and Carduelis spinus also winter. A pair of Haliaeetus albicilla nested close to the lake in the 1970s and may still do so. At least 101 species have been recorded in the reserve.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus||winter||1970-1977||16 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||winter||1977-1992||165-1,300 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||1970-1977||2,500 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||winter||1977-1992||3,000-4,200 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Vulnerable|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||winter||1970-1977||100 individuals||good||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||winter||1970-1977||45,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1970-1977||50,000-99,999 individuals||good||A4iii|
|1994||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Amirkelayeh||Wildlife Refuge||1,106||is identical to site||1,230|
|Amirkelayeh Lake||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||1,230||is identical to site||1,230|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
References Carp (1980), Ramsar Convention Bureau (1993), Scott (1976a,b,c).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Amirkelayeh lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2016
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