|Location||Iran, Islamic Republic of, West Azarbaijan|
|Central coordinates||45o 50.00' East 37o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The site comprises c.400 ha of permanent freshwater marshes on the plains 12 km south of Lake Uromiyeh, c.20 km north of Mahabad. The marshes are usually frozen and under snow in winter. There are extensive Phragmites beds and little open water, surrounded by a belt of seasonally flooded sedge and grassland. Peripheral areas of the wetland have been drained and converted to agricultural land. There is livestock grazing. Land ownership is public.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The marshes are important for breeding waterfowl, notably Plegadis falcinellus and Marmaronetta angustirostris; other breeding species include Buteo rufinus, Circus aeruginosus and Falco tinnunculus. Pelecanus onocrotalus visits to feed in summer from colonies at Lake Uromiyeh. Large numbers of ducks occur during the migration seasons, as well as Circus pygargus, Pandion haliaetus and Limosa limosa. In most winters, the wetland is frozen and devoid of birds, but in mild years it may support large numbers geese and ducks, as well as Aquila chrysaetos, Circus cyaneus and Accipiter nisus.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Pintail Anas acuta||passage||1977||10,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||winter||1987-1992||3,280 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||winter||1987-1992||15,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1977||10-20 breeding pairs||good||A1, A4i, B1i||Vulnerable|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||1987-1992||2,700 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||non-breeding||1977-1992||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ghara Gheslaq Marshes||No Hunting Area||400||is identical to site||400|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
References Cornwallis (1976), Scott (1976a,c).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2016
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