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Location Turkey, Ankara,Konya
Central coordinates 31o 51.00' East  39o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 42,170 ha
Altitude 1,045 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow saline lake (max. 1,500 ha) lying in a closed basin (çalýkdüzü) 75 km south of Ankara. It is fed by small streams and largely dries up during summer. Wet grazing-marshes and extensive Typha beds are found at the southern and northern ends of the lake. Arable cultivation takes place in the higher, drier areas.

Key Biodiversity The site supports significant numbers of breeding Charadrius leschenaultii. Large numbers of wildfowl winter, whilst Phoenicopterus ruber, Oxyura leucocephala and Himantopus himantopus occur principally during the post-breeding season.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1970  9,365-14,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  300-900 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala non-breeding  1991  27 individuals  A1  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus non-breeding  4,000-8,800 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1998  20 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2000  35-45 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  2000  2-8 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus non-breeding  350-1,000 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1998  20 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2015 high very unfavourable negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Col Golu ve Calikduzu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  30%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  30%
Grassland   40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
not utilised 75%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife