email a friend
printable version
Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, East Azarbaijan
Central coordinates 46o 42.00' East  37o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 120 ha
Altitude 1,950 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Lake Gori is a fresh to brackish, eutrophic lake lying at 1,950 m on the north side of the main Tabriz--Tehran highway, c.40 km east-south-east of Tabriz. It is fed by local rainfall, springs and small streams, receiving the bulk of its water after the spring snow-melt, and overflows at its north-east corner into a small stream; there is little fluctuation in water level. The bottom is a mud deposit on shale and rocks. The lake is generally frozen by late December and remains so, often under deep snow, all winter. There are extensive areas of Phragmites, Juncus, Carex and Scirpus around the shore and abundant underwater vegetation. The surrounding area is semi-arid steppe with one small settlement and wheat cultivation on the west and damp grassland on the south-west. Sport fishing, grazing, reed-cutting and wildfowl hunting occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1977  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  1977  40 individuals  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1977  4 breeding pairs  good  B2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala passage  1977  15 individuals  good  A1  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis breeding  1977  125-150 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lake Gori Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 120 is identical to site 120  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation major
hunting major

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Carp (1980), Ramsar Convention Bureau (1993), Scott (1976a,c).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gori Gol. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife