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Location Iran, Islamic Republic of, Ardebil
Central coordinates 48o 0.00' East  39o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 10 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description The site comprises cultivated lowland plains near the town of Parsabad, c.160 km north of Ardabil in extreme north-east Azarbayjan. The area is bordered in the north-west by the Aras river and in the north-east by the frontier with Azerbaijan. At this point, the Aras river flows in a broad valley c.1.5-2.0 km wide and 10 m below the level of the adjacent plains; it is wide and meandering, with many braided channels and shingle banks. The riverine habitats include stagnant pools with emergent marsh vegetation, open Tamarix scrub (mainly on the many small islands) and grassy areas. The plains are densely populated, with many small villages, and are almost entirely cultivation with cotton and wheat, though there are some areas of short grassland and Artemisia steppe in the east and Populus stands around the villages. There is some livestock grazing. Land ownership is public.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important wintering area for geese and ducks; one of the best areas in Iran for Anser albifrons. The goose flocks feed at dawn and dusk on the cultivated plains of the Dasht-e-Moghan and spend much of the day loafing on shingle banks in the river. Small numbers of Mergus merganser occur along the river, and Phalacrocorax carbo also winters.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1970-1977  320 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1977-1992  714-1,371 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   major
Grassland   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
rangeland/pastureland minor
hunting minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.

References Scott (1976a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dasht-e-Moghan. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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