|Central coordinates||48o 32.00' East 29o 55.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Enormous areas of swampy grassflats (c.90,000 ha) and intertidal mudflats (c.36,000 ha) backed by a belt of date palms and then by silt desert, immediately west of the point where the Shatt Al Arab enters the Gulf, and of the town of Fao. Tidal amplitude is large (3 m or more). There is a major oil terminal.
Key Biodiversity Except for scattered records from the 1920s and before, the site has been surveyed only once, in January 1968, and then only very incompletely. Counts then included 2,050 ducks, but the area appeared more important for wintering gulls and terns; 2,015 waders were also counted. Larus genei and Coracias benghalensis were breeding in the 1920s, and Passer hispaniolensis occurs in winter. The entire area was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).
Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus||winter||1925||common||-||B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Crab-plover Dromas ardeola||non-breeding||1985||present||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata||winter||1979||500 individuals||poor||B1i||Near Threatened|
|Sterna nilotica||winter||1979||200 individuals||poor||B1i||Not Recognised|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||breeding||1985||present||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||war, civil unrest and military exercises||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Cumming (1899, 1918), Georg and Vielliard (1970), Moore and Boswell (1956-1957), Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922, 1926).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khawr Abdallah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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