|Central coordinates||47o 58.00' East 30o 27.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B2|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description These marshes lie along the c.165 km of the Shatt Al Arab waterway from 31°00'N 47°25'E to 29°55'N 48°30'E, mainly between Qurnah and Basrah (c.65 km), and include Haur Al Shaibah (15 km north of Basrah), Qarmat Ali, Khamisiyah and Shafi. Shafi wetland (30°53'N 47°31'E) is a small reed-marsh near the town of Shafi on the Basrah to Amara road, 30 km from Basrah.
Key Biodiversity According to Savage (1968), the marshes are important for wintering Anser anser and dabbling ducks, mainly Anas platyrhynchos and A. crecca, and breeding Marmaronetta angustirostris. The muddy shores of the Shatt Al Arab are an important feeding area for passage and wintering shorebirds. The area was most recently surveyed in 1968, 1975 and 1979; all visits were in January, and were brief and incomplete; notable winter visitors included Ciconia ciconia (105), Milvus migrans (305) and Vanellus leucurus (50).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1997||250-999 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||1975||2 individuals||poor||B2||Vulnerable|
|Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus||winter||1975||60-4,000 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis||breeding||1985||present||-||A1, A2, B2||Endangered|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Carp (1975a), Georg and Vielliard (1970), Savage (1968), Scott and Carp (1982).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shatt Al Arab marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2016
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