|Central coordinates||47o 38.00' East 31o 22.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Situated to the east of the River Tigris, Haur Al Hawizeh (Hawaizah) and its associated marshes cover an area of approximately 2,200 km2 between Amara and Basrah (31°00'N--31°45'N, 47°25'E--47°50'E). A small portion of the haur extends over the border into Iranian territory, where it is known as the Hoor Al Azim. The wetland is fed by floodwaters from the River Tigris and from the Karkheh river in the east (in Iran); it is bordered in the north by the Musharra Canal and in the south by the Shatt Al Arab. The marsh is partly seasonal and partly permanent. The latter area has extensive Phragmites reedbeds alternating with open sheets of water. The Nahrsabla Marshes (31°30'N 47°35'E) are an area of predominantly seasonal marsh in the north-eastern portion of the haur, near the Iranian border.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus||resident||1985||common [units unknown]||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus||winter||1960-1969||present [units unknown]||-||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris||winter||1985||present [units unknown]||-||B2||Least Concern|
|African Darter Anhinga rufa||resident||1915||common [units unknown]||-||B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||breeding||1985||present [units unknown]||-||A3, B3||Least Concern|
|Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis||breeding||1985||abundant [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3, B2||Endangered|
|Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris||resident||1985||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1979||20,000 individuals||poor||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Hawizeh Marshes (Haur Al-Hawizeh)||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||137,700||is identical to site||137,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (aquatic)||minor|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Lutra perspicillata (K; the subspecies L. p. maxwelli is endemic to the marshes and endangered), Gerbillus mesopotamiae (endemic).
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Carp (1980), Georg and Savage (1970b), North (1993), Pearce (1993), Prentice (1993), Savage (1968), Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Al Hawizeh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife