|Location||Iraq, Dhi Qar|
|Central coordinates||46o 20.00' East 31o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A complex of large haurs and associated marshes on the plains to the east of the Shatt Al Gharraf waterway, east and south-east of the village of Shatra. The two principal haurs are Haur Abu Ajul (31°29'N 46°20'E, 7,500 ha) in the north, and Haur Chamuqa (Ghamuga) (31°22'N 46°25'E, 25,000 ha) in the south. They are fed mainly by the Shatt Al Gharraf. Both haurs formerly supported extensive Phragmites reedbeds, but Abu Ajul had been drained by December 1972. By 1979, the northern haur was completely under cultivation, while Haur Chamuqa had been somewhat reduced in size with the construction of an embankment with a road around the northern perimeter. However, much of this haur remained in excellent condition with extensive Typha beds and large areas of open water.
Key Biodiversity Over 10,000 waterfowl were present in January 1979, mainly Fulica atra. The surrounding wet meadows and rain-fed pools provide excellent habitat for a variety of shorebirds. The haur was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).
Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1997||< 50 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||1973||20 individuals||poor||B2||Vulnerable|
|Himantopus himantopus||winter||1979||187 individuals||poor||B1i||Not Recognised|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||winter||1979||380 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa||winter||1979||320 individuals||poor||B1i||Near Threatened|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1973-1979||20,000 individuals||poor||A4iii|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Savage (1968), Georg and Savage (1970a), Koning and Dijksen (1973), Scott and Carp (1982).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Haur Uwainah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2016
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