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Location Iraq, Dhi Qar
Central coordinates 46o 20.00' East  31o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 32,500 ha
Altitude 12 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)



Site description A complex of large haurs and associated marshes on the plains to the east of the Shatt Al Gharraf waterway, east and south-east of the village of Shatra. The two principal haurs are Haur Abu Ajul (31°29'N 46°20'E, 7,500 ha) in the north, and Haur Chamuqa (Ghamuga) (31°22'N 46°25'E, 25,000 ha) in the south. They are fed mainly by the Shatt Al Gharraf. Both haurs formerly supported extensive Phragmites reedbeds, but Abu Ajul had been drained by December 1972. By 1979, the northern haur was completely under cultivation, while Haur Chamuqa had been somewhat reduced in size with the construction of an embankment with a road around the northern perimeter. However, much of this haur remained in excellent condition with extensive Typha beds and large areas of open water.

Key Biodiversity Over 10,000 waterfowl were present in January 1979, mainly Fulica atra. The surrounding wet meadows and rain-fed pools provide excellent habitat for a variety of shorebirds. The haur was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).

Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1997  < 50 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1973  20 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Himantopus himantopus winter  1979  187 individuals  poor  B1i  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1979  380 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  1979  320 individuals  poor  B1i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1973-1979  20,000 individuals  poor  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   major
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Savage (1968), Georg and Savage (1970a), Koning and Dijksen (1973), Scott and Carp (1982).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Uwainah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife