|Central coordinates||47o 1.00' East 31o 40.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B2|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A complex of shallow lagoons and vast reedbeds with some areas of sedge marsh between the villages of Maymund and Salam, about 20 km south-west of Amara. The southern end of these marshes lies a few kilometres to the north of the Feraigat Marshes at the extreme northern end of the main Haur Al Hammar marshes.
Key Biodiversity This is known to be an important area for herons, egrets and coots. The site has only been surveyed (very incompletely) in January 1968 and January 1979. Other notable winter visitors included Ciconia ciconia (183), Anas crecca (4,000) and Circus aeruginosus (25).
Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus||winter||1979||36 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||winter||1979||773 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||1985||109 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||winter||1985||5 individuals||poor||B2||Vulnerable|
|White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla||winter||1985||2 individuals||poor||B2||Least Concern|
|Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa||winter||1979||480 individuals||poor||B1i||Near Threatened|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Georg and Vielliard (1970), Scott and Carp (1982).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/02/2015
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