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Location Iraq, Maysan
Central coordinates 47o 1.00' East  31o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 14 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)

Site description A complex of shallow lagoons and vast reedbeds with some areas of sedge marsh between the villages of Maymund and Salam, about 20 km south-west of Amara. The southern end of these marshes lies a few kilometres to the north of the Feraigat Marshes at the extreme northern end of the main Haur Al Hammar marshes.

Key Biodiversity This is known to be an important area for herons, egrets and coots. The site has only been surveyed (very incompletely) in January 1968 and January 1979. Other notable winter visitors included Ciconia ciconia (183), Anas crecca (4,000) and Circus aeruginosus (25).

Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus winter  1979  36 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus winter  1979  773 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1985  109 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1985  5 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1985  2 individuals  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  1979  480 individuals  poor  B1i  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Georg and Vielliard (1970), Scott and Carp (1982).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife