|Central coordinates||47o 25.00' East 31o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Haur Om Am Nyaj is a large wetland about 20 km south-east of Amara. It comprises extensive Typha beds with many areas of open water and fast-running creeks, and is partly permanent and partly seasonal. The haur lies at the north-western extremity of Haur Al Hawizeh and is fed by the Al Kahala (Chahala) river, a distributary of the Tigris. The Qalit Salih ponds (31°30'N 47°20'E, 100 ha) lie at the southern end of Haur Om Am Nyaj, and are a group of fresh to brackish impoundments used for duck-netting, on the east bank of the River Tigris near the town of Qalit Salih, west of the Haur Al Hawizeh marshes.
Key Biodiversity Haur Om Am Nyaj was visited briefly in January 1975, and found to be an important area for Phalacrocorax pygmeus. The Qalit Salih ponds were visited in January 1979; species included Pelecanus onocrotalus (92), Phoenicopterus ruber (500), Anas crecca (10,000) and Recurvirostra avosetta (250). There was a breeding colony of c.200 Nycticorax nycticorax on the Al Kahala river in the 1970s and a 'very big roost' of N. nycticorax near Qalit Salih in the 1910s may have been the same site.
Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1997||50-249 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus||winter||1979||4 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||breeding||1977||200 breeding pairs||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||winter||1975||250 individuals||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||1985||12 individuals||poor||B2||Vulnerable|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||winter||1975||106 individuals||poor||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1975||20,000 individuals||poor||A4iii|
|2013||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - large dams||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Carp (1975a), Scott and Carp (1982), Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Haur Om am Nyaj. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2016
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