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Location Iraq, Maysan
Central coordinates 47o 20.00' East  31o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 42,500 ha
Altitude 20 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)



Site description A complex of large haurs with extensive marshes on the plains to the east of the River Tigris, north of Haur Om Am Nyaj. The three main haurs, Haur Jazrah in the west, Haur Chubaisah in the centre and Haur Sanaf in the east, lie close together and merge into one another at high water levels. They are bordered on the south by the Musharra Canal. Haur Sanaf (between Amara and Al Halfaya) is about 20 km long and consists mainly of open water with a few reeds and extensive fringing grasslands. Haur Chubaisah includes the Bani Lam Marshes described by Savage (1968).

Key Biodiversity According to Savage (1968), these wetlands are particularly important for Anser anser, Anser erythropus and Tadorna ferruginea. Anhinga rufa is resident, and the reference by Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922) to a 'colony' of Marmaronetta angustirostris near Amara, and to Turdoides altirostris being common in reedbeds there, presumably refers to this site. The most recent surveys were in January 1968 and January 1979. The entire area was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  1965  common  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1997  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax winter  1979  800 individuals  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa resident  1985  unknown  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris winter  1917  < 50 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Critically Endangered 
Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris resident  1985  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible
unset
Unknown

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Georg and Vielliard (1970), Savage (1968), Scott (1993), Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Chubaisah area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife