|Central coordinates||47o 20.00' East 31o 56.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B2, B3|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A complex of large haurs with extensive marshes on the plains to the east of the River Tigris, north of Haur Om Am Nyaj. The three main haurs, Haur Jazrah in the west, Haur Chubaisah in the centre and Haur Sanaf in the east, lie close together and merge into one another at high water levels. They are bordered on the south by the Musharra Canal. Haur Sanaf (between Amara and Al Halfaya) is about 20 km long and consists mainly of open water with a few reeds and extensive fringing grasslands. Haur Chubaisah includes the Bani Lam Marshes described by Savage (1968).
Key Biodiversity According to Savage (1968), these wetlands are particularly important for Anser anser, Anser erythropus and Tadorna ferruginea. Anhinga rufa is resident, and the reference by Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922) to a 'colony' of Marmaronetta angustirostris near Amara, and to Turdoides altirostris being common in reedbeds there, presumably refers to this site. The most recent surveys were in January 1968 and January 1979. The entire area was listed as a wetland of international importance by Carp (1980).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus||winter||1965||common||-||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1997||50-249 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||winter||1979||800 individuals||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|African Darter Anhinga rufa||resident||1985||unknown||-||B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris||winter||1917||< 50 individuals||poor||A1, A4i, B1i, B2||Critically Endangered|
|Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris||resident||1985||common||-||A2, B3||Least Concern|
|2013||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - large dams||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Georg and Vielliard (1970), Savage (1968), Scott (1993), Ticehurst et al. (1921-1922).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Haur Chubaisah area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2016
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