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Location Iraq, Dhi Qar,Wasit
Central coordinates 45o 58.38' East  31o 56.63' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2
Area 50,461 ha
Altitude 8 - 23m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)

Site description A series of small ponds and seasonal wetlands along the 125+ km of the Shatt Al Gharraf waterway between Kut and Shatra, from 32°30'N 45°50'E to 31°25'N 46°10'E. 2014 updates. Now, the majority of these ponds have been turned into agricultural farms and orchards, and very few of them remain on either side of the main motorway between Kut and Shatra. The geology of the area is Mesopotamian alluvium, mainly silts. Four sub-sites were visited at various times during the survey effort

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1997  < 50 individuals  poor  A1, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1985  6 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Himantopus himantopus winter  1979  177 individuals  poor  B1i  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Other biodiversity No information available to BirdLife International.

Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Savage (1968), Scott and Carp (1982). 2014 updates. Coad BW. (2010). Freshwater Fishes of Iraq. PENSOFT Publishers, Sofia-Moscow. No.93.Freshwater Fishes of Iraq. Evans MI. (1994). Important Bird Areas in the Middle East. Birdlife Conservation Series No. 2

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gharraf River . Downloaded from on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife