|Central coordinates||46o 50.00' East 32o 20.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B2|
|Altitude||8 - 17m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A group of 14 artificial ponds constructed for wildfowl hunting, in the basin of the former Haur Al Haushiya, on the east bank of the River Tigris, north of the village of Al Kumait. 2014 updates. Part of this site, Hor Saaroot (IBA024 in Evans, 1994) is a seasonal marsh on a flat plain running in a narrow band along the eastern part of the Tigris between the towns of Ali Al-Gharbi and Amara. The approximate length is about 60 km and the width approximately 8 km Hoshiya is a flat plain south of Saaroot, which floods during the rainy season. Hoshiya, which was listed by Evans (1994) as IBA028, is really a part of Saaroot (IBA 024). This area also receives some waters from the Tigris when the water level exceeds a certain point, via a canal with a barrage. Some embankments and unpaved roads exist around the area, which are used during summer only The geology of the entire area is Mesopotamian alluvium, mainly silts
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||winter||1979||1,310 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1997||< 50 individuals||poor||A1, B1i, B2||Vulnerable|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||winter||1979||500 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity No information available to BirdLife International.
Acknowledgements Information compiled by Dr D. A. Scott and D. J. Brooks, reviewed by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh and Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Georg and Vielliard (1968), Scott and Carp (1982). 2014 updates. Evans, M. I. (1994). Important Bird Areas in the Middle East. Birdlife Conservation Series No. 2
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hoshiya and Saaroot. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014
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