|Central coordinates||44o 24.00' East 33o 20.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||30 - 40m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information Other breeding species include Vanellus indicus (42 pairs), V. leucurus (15 pairs), Psittacula krameri, Halcyon smyrnensis, Alcedo atthis, Ceryle rudis, Merops apiaster (50 pairs), M. superciliosus, Coracias benghalensis, Pycnonotus leucotis, Turdoides caudatus and Petronia xanthocollis. Rhodopechys obsoleta is a winter visitor. Most counts date from before the completion of the university at Al Jadriyah.
Site description Al Jadriyah (c.200 ha) lies on the bank of the River Tigris within south-west Baghdad, and comprises irrigated cultivation (date palms, orchards, vegetables, cereals, cotton) with scrub and some livestock grazing. A large university campus was built on the site in the late 1970s, but much of the habitat described here was still present in 1981. Umm Al Khanazeer island (c.110 ha), lying in the Tigris and connected to Al Jadriyah by road bridge, is mostly used for recreation by the local population, and a tourist centre has recently been built there; parts of the western side are cultivated for vegetables and there are remnant patches of riverine thickets of Populus euphratica with Tamarix and other shrubs and scattered mulberry trees, especially along the banks.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus||resident||1981||common [units unknown]||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1981||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||breeding||1981||90 breeding pairs||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis||breeding||1981||5 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Endangered|
|Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris||resident||1981||40 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus||breeding||1981||80 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
Management considerations No conservation measures are known to have been taken. Al Jadriyah is subject to wood-cutting and built development as well as general human disturbance; hunting is common. The woodland of Umm Al Khanazeer island is threatened by extensive wood collecting, fire and cultivation. No conservation measures are known to have been proposed.
References Al-Dabbagh and Bunni (1981), Marchant (1961, 1962), Siman (1975), Siman and Bunni (1978).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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