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Location Iraq, Baghdad
Central coordinates 44o 24.00' East  33o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 310 ha
Altitude 30 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)

Site description Al Jadriyah (c.200 ha) lies on the bank of the River Tigris within south-west Baghdad, and comprises irrigated cultivation (date palms, orchards, vegetables, cereals, cotton) with scrub and some livestock grazing. A large university campus was built on the site in the late 1970s, but much of the habitat described here was still present in 1981. Umm Al Khanazeer island (c.110 ha), lying in the Tigris and connected to Al Jadriyah by road bridge, is mostly used for recreation by the local population, and a tourist centre has recently been built there; parts of the western side are cultivated for vegetables and there are remnant patches of riverine thickets of Populus euphratica with Tamarix and other shrubs and scattered mulberry trees, especially along the banks.

Key Biodiversity Other breeding species include Vanellus indicus (42 pairs), V. leucurus (15 pairs), Psittacula krameri, Halcyon smyrnensis, Alcedo atthis, Ceryle rudis, Merops apiaster (50 pairs), M. superciliosus, Coracias benghalensis, Pycnonotus leucotis, Turdoides caudatus and Petronia xanthocollis. Rhodopechys obsoleta is a winter visitor. Most counts date from before the completion of the university at Al Jadriyah.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus resident  1981  common  B2  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1981  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus breeding  1981  90 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis breeding  1981  5 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Endangered 
Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris resident  1981  40 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus breeding  1981  80 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible

Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
urban/industrial/transport major
rangeland/pastureland minor
tourism/recreation major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Al-Dabbagh and Bunni (1981), Marchant (1961, 1962), Siman (1975), Siman and Bunni (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife