|Central coordinates||44o 24.00' East 33o 20.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||30 - 40m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Al Jadriyah (c.200 ha) lies on the bank of the River Tigris within south-west Baghdad, and comprises irrigated cultivation (date palms, orchards, vegetables, cereals, cotton) with scrub and some livestock grazing. A large university campus was built on the site in the late 1970s, but much of the habitat described here was still present in 1981. Umm Al Khanazeer island (c.110 ha), lying in the Tigris and connected to Al Jadriyah by road bridge, is mostly used for recreation by the local population, and a tourist centre has recently been built there; parts of the western side are cultivated for vegetables and there are remnant patches of riverine thickets of Populus euphratica with Tamarix and other shrubs and scattered mulberry trees, especially along the banks.
Key Biodiversity Other breeding species include Vanellus indicus (42 pairs), V. leucurus (15 pairs), Psittacula krameri, Halcyon smyrnensis, Alcedo atthis, Ceryle rudis, Merops apiaster (50 pairs), M. superciliosus, Coracias benghalensis, Pycnonotus leucotis, Turdoides caudatus and Petronia xanthocollis. Rhodopechys obsoleta is a winter visitor. Most counts date from before the completion of the university at Al Jadriyah.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus||resident||1981||common||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||breeding||1981||uncommon||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||breeding||1981||90 breeding pairs||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis||breeding||1981||5 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Endangered|
|Iraq Babbler Turdoides altirostris||resident||1981||40 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus||breeding||1981||80 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Hanna Y. Siman.
References Al-Dabbagh and Bunni (1981), Marchant (1961, 1962), Siman (1975), Siman and Bunni (1978).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/05/2016
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