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Location Iraq, Baghdad
Central coordinates 44o 55.00' East  33o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 50,000 ha
Altitude 110 m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)

Site description An area of semi-desertic plains, arable land, grassland, temporary inundation and small permanent marshes c.40 km east-north-east of Baghdad. The marshes are fed mainly from the Baquba area to the north and are surrounded by Phragmites and Typha beds. The area is grazed, and adjacent plains are dominated by Alhaja and Acacia. The local human population is very sparse, and the environment is unusually intact.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for wintering waterfowl, and 8,800 ducks and geese and Fulica atra were recorded in January 1975. Other breeding species include Glareola pratincola (14 pairs). Charadrius asiaticus occurs on passage (max. 300). Data shown in box, from Carp (1975a, 1975b) and Scott and Carp (1982), may include some winter counts from the Baghdad area.

Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: the general area is very important for harbouring wild relatives of important cereal crop species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  1975-1979  209-412 individuals  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  1979  13 individuals  poor  B1i, B2  Near Threatened 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  1975  2,500 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni breeding  1977-1981  20 breeding pairs  poor  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1975-1979  20,000 individuals  poor  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Grassland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland minor
agriculture minor
hunting major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Hanna Y. Siman.

References Carp (1975a,b), Scott and Carp (1982).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Attariya Plains. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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