|Central coordinates||41o 14.00' East 33o 33.00' North|
|Altitude||550 - 650m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information The site's main interest lies in the attraction it holds for spring and autumn migrants crossing a huge area of desert, and large numbers of a wide variety of passerines and other species occur. The desert avifauna includes Cursorius cursor, Ammomanes deserti, Alaemon alaudipes, and Pterocles senegalensis and Eremophila bilopha may also breed.
Site description Gasr Muhaiwir lies c.80 km east-north-east of Rutbah in Wadi Hauran, the main wadi crossing the western desert of Iraq to the Euphrates. The stony desert carries only a sparse herb growth, and only in the wadi where there are temporary pools and springs is there more abundant vegetation. Summers are extremely hot, while winter temperatures can fall below freezing. There is archaeological evidence in the area of its use by man since Neolithic times.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor||breeding||1979||5 breeding pairs||poor||A3||Least Concern|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1979||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1979||10 breeding pairs||poor||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1979||10 breeding pairs||poor||A3||Least Concern|
|Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha||resident||1979||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity No information available to BirdLife International.
Management considerations No conservation measures are known to have been taken. No threats are apparent. No conservation measures are known to have been proposed.
References Ctyroký (1988, in press).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gasr Muhaiwir, Wadi Hauran. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
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