email a friend
printable version
Location Turkey, Eskisehir,Kutahya
Central coordinates 30o 23.00' East  39o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1iii, B2
Area 53,940 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 1,826m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description Situated at the northern end of the Yazýlýkaya range, between the Kütahya, Eskiþehir and Afyon plains. In contrast to its barren surroundings, the mountain is covered by extensive coniferous forests (including large old-growth stands) and meadows; deciduous forests prevail at lower altitudes. Cliffs are found in the summit area. Controlled grazing takes place, and forestry management is extensive, with small-scale selective felling.

Key Biodiversity The undisturbed and remote nature of the IBA accounts for its impressive diversity of raptors; it holds some of the highest numbers of Aegypius monachus known in Turkey.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  5-10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  5 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus breeding  22-27 breeding pairs  A1, B1iii, B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium not assessed low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kutahya Merkez Turkmenbaba YHGS Wildlife Development Area 11,888 protected area contained by site 11,888  
Turkmenbaba Dagý SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 17,500 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  100%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 95%

Protection status National Partial International None5,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Türkmenbaba Daðý, 5,000 ha). IBA also overlaps with SÝT (Türkmenbaba Daðý).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Türkmenbaba Mountain. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife