|Location||Iraq, Salah ad-Din|
|Central coordinates||44o 0.00' East 34o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B3|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Shari lake (5,000-8,000 ha) lies east of the Tigris, c.30 km north-east of Samara. It is largely rain-fed and saline, and there are some small Phragmites reedbeds. The site includes a large area of semi-desert (c.120,000 ha) on the western side of the lake and extending c.20 km from it, the habitat being of similar type to that at Mahzam (see site 007), though with more bushes and a denser growth of grass in spring, particularly close to the lake. Part of the area is farmed, and sheep graze freely, with extra stock being brought in during spring to graze near the lake. There is commercial salt extraction at the lake.
Key Biodiversity Other breeding species include Cursorius cursor, Pterocles alchata (max. 2,000 birds), Pycnonotus leucotis and Oenanthe isabellina (probably). Small numbers of waterfowl winter, and notable passage migrants include Charadrius asiaticus (max. 20).
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V). Reptiles: the monitor Varanus griseus (rare).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis||resident||1991-1992||20 individuals||poor||B3||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||resident||1991-1992||2 individuals||poor||A1||Vulnerable|
|Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii||resident||1991-1992||4 individuals||poor||B3||Least Concern|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: salt extraction|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Khalid Y. Al-Dabbagh.
References Al-Dabbagh (in prep.).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Abu Dalaf and Shari lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/01/2015
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